Archive for the Features Category

Make a Good Business Online…

Posted in Features on September 23, 2013 by aichannel

Special Coverage – Oath taking of Newly Elected Officials of the Municipality of Caoayan

Posted in Features, Videos on June 25, 2013 by aichannel

Ti Baket iti Tengnga ti Sipnget

Posted in Features on October 25, 2012 by aichannel

(Bukod a kapadasan ni Christopher Unciano ti Salcedo St. Vigan City)

 Tawen 1994 idi magatang dagiti nagannakko ti maysa a lote a nakaipatakderan ti maysa a daan a balay iti Salcedo Street iti ili ti Vigan (siudad itan). Iti kadaanna, lumlumotenen dagiti narasin a kongreto a pader ken postena idinto a manggapon a agregreg ti bobeda ken dagiti tarikayona a nagpiestaanen ti anay. Iti bakante met a lote iti likod ken dayaenna  tinubuanen ti napuskol a ruot. Iti laudenna, maysa a pasdek ti agdama idin a nakatakder, maysa a puneraria a no sadino a pakaip-ipanan dagiti maembalsamo a bangkay. Maiyarig ngarud daytoy kadagiti haunted houses a mabuybuya.

Dagus a pinarebba dagiti nagannakko ti daan a balay ket pinabangonda ti maysa a dos grados a balay a nagbalin a pagtaenganmi ken studio ti negosiomi a video production wenno KBL a kayatna a sawen Kasal Buniag Libing. Nupay kasta, tawen 2002 wenno kalpasan ti walo a tawen sakbay a nakompleto ti pannakaibangon ti pasdek ket isu met ti iyaakarmi. Manggapu met idin a mangrikep ti puneraria iti abaymi.

Maysa a rabii (agduan a bulankami idi nga agnaed ditoy) bayat ti panangeditko iti video ti maysa a pumpon nga awatmi, kinasapulak ti manglamay iti daytoy gapu ta alaen dagiti nagpaaramid iti kabigatanna. Ipatulodda ngamin iti ballasiw-taaw tapno makita dagiti kakabagianda a saan a nakaawid nga umay mangkita iti natay a kapamiliada. Awan pay idi ti aircon ditoy ket agtaltalinaed a ti laeng daan nga electric fan ti mangipapaay iti angin iti kuarto nga ayanko. Kasla awan aniamanna uray maymaysak iti editing room a mangsimsimpa iti video ken uray pay sagpaminsan a mabuyak ti video ti lungon ken mismo a rupa ti baket a naalaan tay cameramanmi. Pagammuan ta adda ti naidumduma a pul-oy ti angin a limmabas iti ayanko. Idi damo diak intaltalek ta ipagarupko a ti angin manipud iti electric fan nga agpulpuligos daydiay. Intuloyko latta ti naedit. Ngem iti naminsan nga itatallikodko iti computer tapno iyinanak dagiti naktangan a matak, nadlawko manen ti naidumduma a salemsem idinto a saan a nakaturong kaniak ti elektric fan iti dayta a gundaway. Siguradok met a nakarikep ti tawa ti siled. Dita a nangrugi a mariknak ti agbuteng aglalo ta nairana pay met a ti manen rupa ti natay nga ed-editek ti adda iti screen ti computer idi isublik ti imatangko iti ub-ubraek. Nainayon pay dita ti eulohia (para natay a tokar) nga ilaplapatko iti video. Mangrugin a madadael ti konsentrasionko. Kellaat a nalagipko ti daan a balay idi iti ayanmi. Ti nagkaruotan nga aglawlawna. Ti puneraria iti abaymi. Idi agangay inkeddengko nga isardeng ti ar-aramidek. Sapaekto laengen nga ituloy uray ta malpas pangaldaw met ti umayda panangala kinunak iti bagik. Idi maiddepko ti komputer, inyiddak lattan iti katre nga adda iti editing room tapno iturogkon. Awan ngamin ni baket ta nairana nga adda seminar nga inatenderanna. Matmaturog metten dagiti nagannak kaniak iti siledda.Diakon iniddep ti silaw.

Nalabesen nga alas dose ti tengnga ti rabii ngem diak pay la maala ti tuturogak. Nakapamin-anoakon nga agbalibalikid iti iddak ngem diak ammo no apay a naatap kaniak ti ridep idi dayta a gundaway. Pagammuan nagiddep ti silaw. Brown out. Ad-addan a diak makaturog. Mabutbutengak la ngaruden ken im-impek pay laeng ti rupa tay ed-editek, mangrugi payen nga agling-etak gapu iti bara. Awanen ti angin iti uneg ti siled. Maamakak met a mapan manglukat iti tawa gapu ta dumna daytoy iti puneraria a kaabay ti balay. Anusakon ti agpaid kinunak iti bagik. Ngem idi naktanganakon nga agpapaid kapilitan met laeng a napanko inlukat ti tawa. Naipasabat kaniak ti nalamiis a pul-oy. Nabang-aranak. Medio nalipatak ti butengko.

Agsubliak koman iti iddak ngem kasla adda nabileg nga puersa a diak maawatan ket kimmitaak iti kasipngetan –iti direksion ti puneraria. Nabalkot iti sipnget ti aglawlaw. Napnuan ulimek. Idi damo ti laeng sipnget ti nakitak. Kasla tay apagserrekmo iti pagsinean ngem bayat ti panagpaut ti panangmingmingko iti dayta a direksion in-inut a kasla limmawag ti maysa a pasetna. Adda nataengan a babai a nakabado iti puraw a sitatakder iti sango ti puneraria. Dinayawko ti kinaturedna. Ngem nangrugi nga agsaludsod ti panunotko. Ania ti kaaddana dita iti kaltaang ti rabii ken awan pay koriente? Diak nga insina ti panagkitak kenkuana. Immemoriak ti pakabuklanna.  Napatak a nakitak ti itataliawna iti ayanko. Siiisem.

Kellaat a nalagipko ti video nga ed-editek. Saanak nga agbiddut. Kalanglanga la unay ti natay a baket iti video ti makitkitak a baket iti kasipngetan.Pati ti badona. Dagus a limmabba ti ulok. Diak payen maigaraw ti bagik iti napalaus a butengko.

“Diosko” naitanamitimko.

Idi kitaek manen ti ayan ti puneraria awanen ti baket. Idi laeng a naalak ti riknak ket timmarayak a napan iti iddak. Innalak ti pungan ket isun ti inyabbongko iti matak.

Kabigatanna, ginurigorak. Aglamminak. Idi damagen ti amak no nalpasko ti ed-editek imbagak nga ituloynan. Inungtannak ngem pulos a diak kinuti ti computer agingga a kapilitan nga isunan ti nangleppas.

Nagtultuloy ti negosiomi. Adu pay a pumpon ti invideomi ket siak ti nangedit ngem awanen ti datdatlag a napasamak wenno nadlawko. Naawanen daydi puneraria. Nagbalinen a computer café ket agingga iti rabii nga adu dagiti ubbing ken agtutubo a nakatambay dita. Nabangonan metten iti nadumaduma a pasdek negosio dagiti bakante a lote iti aglawlaw ti balaymi.

No malaglagipko ti nakitak a baket iti kasipngetan saanak metten a seknan ti buteng. Naamirisko nga immaynak la ngata dinagdag a mangileppas iti video ti pumponna gapu ta kayatna met a mabuya daytoy dagiti kakabagianna a saan a nakaawid bayat ti massayagna.

(Nangabak iti maikatlo a gunggona iti  Ghost Story Writing Contest bayat ti Raniag Twilight Festival 2012 iti siudad ti Vigan)

BaRang-ay Demofarm: A Show Window of Agricultural Practices in Ilocos Sur

Posted in Features on March 22, 2012 by aichannel

By Mancielito S. Tacadena

Photos by: Dante Tacata

             Agriculture is one of the main sources of income for families in Ilocos Sur. The vast agricultural lands are planted with rice during rainy season and with different vegetables, corn, onion, garlic and tobacco during dry season. To serve as a show window of good agricultural practices in the province, the provincial government of Ilocos Sur thought of turning the 16.5 hectares of wasteland in Labnig, San Juan into a demonstration farm to serve as model to Ilocano farmers who still doesn’t what to embrace the new agricultural technologies that the government wants to impart in order for them to have a higher yield in every hectare.

            On December 17, 2007 after the dialogue between the officials of the Department of Agriculture and the provincial government of Ilocos Sur represented by then Governor Deogracias Victor “DV” Savellano, they started to develop the land formerly under the Cotton Development Authority. They hired several farm workers to get rid the tall grasses and thick weeds that surrounds the area. Gov. Savellano also requested different agencies concerning agriculture to be part of the project. Seeing the idea is enormous, all the agencies tapped responded positively. Immediately they shared their resources and technical expertise and the formerly dull and worthless land became an attractive and colourful model farm. The project was continued by Gov. Luis “Chavit” Singson who returned as the province’s local chief executive in 2010.

            The provincial government tapped Dr. Cesar Soller, a retired Regional Director of the National Meat Inspection Commission to be the farm manager. Right after his appointment, he immediately drew a plan to maximize the area. He divided the land into several parts. He also created a name that will best describe the demofarm. In the end, they started to call it BaRang-ay demofarm.

            First, they developed the pinakbet farm where hybrid seeds of eggplant, ampalaya, okra, kangkong, squash, bell pepper, tomato, string beans, pechay, papaya and other vegetables were planted. A green house was also established in order for them to sow seeds and plant vegetables even during rainy and even off season.

            After several weeks, they started to transplant dragon fruit cuttings. This High Value Commercial Crop is now started to gain popularity to many farmers. Fruits of this cactus plant commands high price in the market. They are also process it into dragonfruit ice cream, puto, lumpia and wine. Several adult people also believe that dragon fruit is an effective aphrodisiac.

 Malunggay and katuray were also planted on both sides of the pathways to serve as shed and to show the people that it is almost effortless to plant these vegetables. Now, as you walk inside the demofarm, you will notice rows of malunggay and katuray full of fruits and flowers and now popularly called malunggay and katuray. boulevard.

Oyster mushroom is also cultivated through fruiting bags. This project aims to show housewives that growing mushroom can also be a good source of income. The demofarm gathers around 2 kilos of mushroom every other day which they sell in the market and the proceeds will be added into the petty cash used to maintain the facilities.

            Another part was developed into a herbary where you can find more than seventy kinds of medicinal and herbal plants. This is an effort of the provincial government to show that many plants in the surrounding can cure minor ailments and if utilized properly, families will avoid spending some amount to buy medicines. It is another way of saying that we can go back to basics.

            Mangoes from Ilocos Sur is known to be of high quality but few were convinced to plant mangoes because you need to wait for at least a decade before mango trees bear fruits. The provincial government introduced the grafting, a way that will reduce the years of waiting. They bought millions of Indian and Hawaiian mangoes from different parts of the province and they germinated it inside the demofarm. The seedlings became the stocks while the farm again bought young twigs of Guimaras mangoes and joined as scions. The grafted mangoes are being sold to the farmers in much lower price compared to private farms in Ilocos Sur and other provinces.

            Aside from mangoes, the demofarm also distributed seedlings of exotic fruit trees like rambutan, marang and longgan to the different upland municipalities, cacao seedlings to Turod Patac, Cabugao and papaya seedlings to empanada verdors. Agro forest trees like narra and mahogany are also available inside the demofarm.

             Several seedlings of macadamia, a nut bearing tree which is very popular in Hawaii were also planted in BaRang-ay demofarm. Although there is no evidence yet that macadamia can bear fruits in places with tropical climate like Ilocos Sur this serves as a testing center in order to find out if macadamia will soon be a great livelihood here.

            Another significant part of the plant division in BaRang-ay demofarm is the banana breeding station. Different varieties of banana were planted and cultured to propagate. A technology called tissue culture will soon be introduced inside the demofarm to execute faster and easier spreading of banana sapling to families in the different barangays of the province.

            Since the demofarm promotes organic farming, you can also see a facility for vermiculture here. This serves as a representation in producing organic fertilizer through the use of African night crawler earthworms. The vermicast they gather is used to fertilize the newly sowed seeds at the demofarm’s nursery and to the seedlings of different agro forestry and fruit trees.

           The demofarm is also using carbonized rice hull as soil conditioner. It is applied to the soi a few days before planting to energize the seeds and seedlings that are to be planted. Before, staff from BaRang-ay goes to the rice mills near the demofarm to ask for rice hull but now the owners of these rice mills are the one delivering it. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources appreciates this move from the rice mill owners and operators because it minimizes the pollutants they are dumping in the riverbanks which contaminates the water and kills fishes in the river.

            But according to the farm manager, they have a hard time in cultivating the plants due to water scarcity. The demofarm has only one deep well which becomes desiccated during summer. To have an immediate solution, they put a pipe which is connected to a water source in Cabugao to irrigate the whole farm. However, they never stop in finding ways to find more sources of water which is very essential in the day to day operation of the demofarm.

            With the provincial government’s objective to upgrade the farm animals in Ilocos Sur, different livestock especially ruminants is also found in BaRang-ay demofarm. Calves are raise here to show the newest technologies in reproducing cattle such as artificial insemination which they are using in their program on cross breeding our native cattle with the imported Brahman and Senapol cows. The male yearlings will be dispersed to interested farmers organizations that will use it to inseminate their female cattle in their barangays.

            Another interesting project here at the demofarm is the milk production using morrah buffalos. Although it is still on the starting phase, they are now targeting to produce 100 milking buffalos in the span of three years to produce milk which they will supply for free to school children all over the province. This is the local government’s effort to eradicate malnutrition in children which will sustain the recognition of Ilocos Sur as a Consistent Regional Outstanding Winner in Nutrition. According to Dr. Soller, a milking buffalo can give 10-12 liters of delicious milk everyday and upon reaching their target the farm will have a production of 1,000-1,200 liters of milk a day.

           To improve the small ruminants, the demofarm bought high breed goats and sheeps. They raise and increase its numbers and later distribute to goat raisers. An organization that has at least 25 native does will be given one buck to impregnate their does provided that the members can show housing for the buck and that they can raise it properly. For now, there is already 7 kinds of high breed goats in the demofarm namely Kalahari, Anglo Nubian, Boer, Saanen, Toggenburg, Alpine and cross breed of the different types.

            Although only few Ilocanos are persuaded to raise sheep, the demofarm is also taking care four types of sheep namely Merino, Durfer, Black Belly and Katahden. Their number is now up to more than sixty. This is to show that raising sheep is just raising goat and its meat also taste delectable.

            For individuals who wants to inseminate their native cattle, carabao or goat, they can bring their in heat animals to the demofarm and let the high breed livestock here to impregnate it. Just carry with it 20 kilos of grass for every small ruminant and 100 kilos of grass for every large ruminant entered here as its food supply while it is in the demofarm.

           An additional feature of the demofarm is the preservation of native pigs. They established a communal pig pen and started to raise eight gilts and one boar and after three years, the number reached to almost 400 so they decided to depopulate. They sell the surplus and the sum was again put into the revolving fund of the demofarm. Good thing in this project according to the farm manager is that it is much cheaper than raising new breeds because they only feed with grass, leafy vegetables and banana trunk. The meat is healthful since it is raised organically. One thing more, the place is almost odorless not just like those who feed on commercial feeds where foul odor is an enigma.

          Native horses are also maintained here.  More than ten female horses freely stroll in one area of the demofarm mostly are pregnant. They want to reproduce the native horses because of the observation that their number drastically decrease over the years. Native horses are popularly used to heave the kalesa, a local means of transportation during the Spanish time.

          Poultry farm is another aspect in BaRang-ay. This is in line with project of the provincial government that disperse chicks to organized associations. They give out 100 pieces of 21 days old chicks and when the chicken weighs at least two kilos, the organization should return eight to the demofarm. After returning, the demofarm will again release another 100 chicks to the group. Aside from being a livelihood, this project also aims to eradicate malnutrition as the meat and eggs are very nutritious for the whole family.

         Aside from chicken, the demofarm also raise peking ducks, turkeys and geese. This is to show that these poultry animals if given an attention can also be an excellent livelihood for farmers which can be an additional source of income. Aside from that, geese are good security guards during night time as it creates boisterous sound if someone comes near.

         To maintain the demofarm’s animal division, they need about six tons of grass everyday. Because of this, they need to make an agreement to some farmers to plant napier grass and sweet sorghum for the animals. They do this expansion outside the farm as they can hardly produce half ton of grass in a day due to insufficiency of water supply and space to plant.

         The provincial officials also observed that in recent years, few students are enrolling agriculture related courses despite the declaration of National Economic and Development Authority that agriculture sector serves as the backbone of economy in Northern Luzon as most of the workforce here is employed in agriculture. To encourage more students to enter in this area the Ilocos Sur Community College School of Agriculture in BaRang-ay demofarm was formally opened on June 21. The demofarm campus offers ladderized course in agriculture where a student receives his certificate in Animal Production on his first year, certificate in Horticulture in the second year and a diploma in Bachelor of Science in Agriculture major in Animal Production upon completion of the four year course. The course was conceptualized by the provincial government in partnership with the Technical Education Vocational Development Authority which provided the Certificate of Program Registration for   Animal Production NC II course.

       All the students enrolled in this course are provided with free tuition fee by the province. The Department of Agriculture and TESDA also provide additional scholarships in support with the course.

       Deserving students at the demofarm campus are granted with cattle to raise and when sold, the school and student will have a 50-50 sharing on the profit. Others are given few pairs of peking duck. These are all strategies to give the students a hands-on in animal raising which will enhance their skills in line with their course.

        This is the BaRang-ay Demofarm which is located at Brgy. Labnig, San Juan, Ilocos Sur, an approach of the provincial government to change the lives of farmers from merely farmer-producers to farmer-businessmen. BaRang-ay demofarm, is truly the show window of excellent agricultural practices in the province.

https://vimeo.com/42099825

KANNAWIDAN YLOCOS FESTIVAL: A Showcase of Ilocano Culture

Posted in Features on February 7, 2012 by aichannel


By Mancielito S. Tacadena

Ilocos Sur has a rich heritage and unique culture that are to be preserved for the next generations because it is observed that many of these traditions, songs, dances and other Ilocano culture are not familiar to the younger generations already. Children of today are paying more attention to the modern and novelty dances they seen on the television than the traditional ones. There is also a need to evaluate the different products of the different municipalities and the agricultural products and livestock of the farmers and fisher folks. Because of this, the provincial government of Ilocos Sur conceived a festival that will highlight these culture and traditions and attract local and foreign tourists as well. They call it the KANNAWIDAN Ylocos Festival, it is also a time to commemorate the anniversary of Ilocos Sur as a province since it was separated on February 3, 1818.

The celebration was opened by a celebrated mass held at the St. Paul Metropolitan Cathedral followed by a procession of the patron saints of the 40 parishes and images of Jesus Christ and Virgin Mary around the province’s capital city. This shows the deep rooted religiosity of the Ilocanos. Rev. Fr. Roque Reyes who officiate the mass articulated in his homily that this festivity is the time to thank the Almighty not only for the abundance He showered for the province but also the rich heritage of the place including the strong ties among the Ilocano families.

A dinner for all was held at the Plaza Salcedo where all the bystanders and even the local and foreign tourists present were invited to join. A fireworks display goes after the meal which enjoyed by the crowd.

The Bayanihan Dance Company treated the Ilocanos with their world class performance of the Beauty of the Philippines through dances, music and sounds. They amazed the audience by their graceful movements and excellent rendition of songs and playing the indigenous musical instruments.

A traditional opening ritual was performed by the students of the Ilocos Sur Special Highschool for Culture and the Arts, Vice Gov. DV Savellano and the officials of the DepEd Ilocos Sur to formally start the different contests for elementary and highschool students. These include traditional tribal rituals, choir and glee club competition, marching band contest, traditional music ensemble, dance drama, traditional and folk dances, contemporary dance competition and street dancing showdown. This highlight according to the officials is their way to encourage the young Ilocanos to learn the indigenous songs and dances so that these will continue and become familiar to the young generations.

Partuat ken Patanor Trade and Agri Fair was also opened on the same day. Officials from the Department of Trade and Industry headed by Thelma Dumpit Murillo graced the occasion. The trade and agri fair display all the products from the different municipalities of the province and of the exhibitors from other provinces.

The annual Pinaka contest where farmers demonstrate their extraordinary farm and fishery products and livestock also draw attention to the visitors.

Ilocos Sur came back to the past during the period party held at Vigan Plaza Hotel. Participants came with their old fashioned dresses as they party to the tune of old songs as they try to recollect all the memories of the old Ilocos.

Illustrious Sons and Daughters of Ilocos Sur were recognized through the Fr. Jose Burgos Achievement Awards, the highest award legislated and is awarded to Ilocos Surians who do extremely well in their chosen profession. Among this year’s awardees are Dr. Lauro Tacbas in the field of Education, Dr. Alfredo Rabena for Sience and Technology, Former Congressmen Mariano Tajon and Salacnib Baterina for Government Service, Dr. Agustin Molina Jr., for Science and Academe, Former San Emilio Mayor Leon Lais for Community Leadership and  Crisostomo Ilustre for Literature. Rural Improvement Club of Balidbid, Salcedo received the Fr. Jose Burgos Special Award for being one of the winners of the National Gawad Saka Award last year.

The City of Candon immerged as the KaSIGLATan during the awarding ceremony of the Salisal Iladawanna Gaget ti Lumugar, Agsaknap ti Timpuyog (SIGLAT) Awards.

Candon City bagged 5 major and 8 minor awards while cabugao which came second has 4 major, 7 minor and 1 individual award. Sto. Domingo placed third with 1 major, 1 minor and 1 individual awards.

Best Coastal Resource Management (Brgy. Tamurong 2nd), Safest and Most Peaceful Barangay (Brgy. San Andres), Best in Agricultural Productivity (Brgy. Palacapac), Best in Livestock Production (Brgy. Oaig Daya), Outstanding Sangguniang Barangay (Brgy. Calaoa-an), Best in Gender and Development Program Implementation (Brgy. Palacapac), Most Functional Brgy. Diaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (Calaoa-an, Candon), Best in Sports and Physical Development Program Implementation  ken Best Sangguniang Kabataan (Tamurong 2nd), Best Day Care Center (Brgy. San Agustin), Best Performing Non-Government Organization (Gunglo Dagiti Annak ti Langlangka Ist), Outstanding Barangay-Based Cooperative (Metro Paypayad Cooperative), Outstanding Barangay Tanod (San Jose Candon City).

Most Healthy Barangay, Best Performing Barangay (Brgy. Pug-os), Best in Nutrition Program Implementation (Brgy. Bonifacio), Best Innovative Practice (Brgy. Dardarat), Best in Barangay Intensive Gardening (Pug-os), Best Barangay Herbary, Best in Elderly Welfare Program Implementatio, Best in Persons with Disability Program Implementation (Brgy. Bonifacio), Most Functional Barangay Anti-drug Abuse Council ken Outstanding Lupong Tagapamayapa (Brgy. Aragan), Outstanding Barangay Nutrition Scholar (Macrina Saturno of Brgy. Bonifacio).

Best in Fish Production and Aquaculture Development, Outstanding Barangay-based Micro SME Entrepeneur (Brgy. Suksukit), Outstanding Barangay Day Care Worker (Anita Castillo of Brgy. Paras).

Cleanest and Greenest Barangay (Brgy. Palali Norte, Sta. Lucia), Best Barangay Trre Park (Brgy. Dapdapig, Gregorio del Pilar),  Best in Solid Waste Management ( Brgy. Cabugao, Suyo), Most Functional Botika ng Barangay (Brgy. Ronda, Sta. Lucia), Outstanding Barangay Health Worker (Hercula Diaz, Brgy. Pidpid, Sta. Cruz), Most Child Friendly-Barangay (Brgy. Fatima, Vigan City), Best in Culture and Arts (Brgy. Concepcion, Gregorio del Pilar), Best in Tourism Promotion (Brgy. Daligan, Sta. Cruz), Best in Youth Development Program Implementation (Brgy. Urzadan, Suyo), Best Managed Elementary School in the Barangay (Pudoc Elementary School, San Vicente), Outstanding Fishermen’s Association (Brgy. Pilar Fish Searchers Fishermen Association iti Sta. Cruz), Best Farmers Association (Suysuyan Farmers Association, Lidlidda), ken Outstanding Punong Barangay (Brgy. Captain Romel Dayoan, Dadalaquiten, Sinait).

 Major awards received 50,000 cash prize, minor awards were given 30,000 and individual awards with 10,000. Meanwhile, the KaSIGLATan received 150,000 while the first and second runners-up obtained 100,000 and 75,000 respectively.

Living treasures of Ilocos Sur were also recognized during the weeklong festivity. Thirty two individuals and groups were included in the list of this year’s awardees. Plaque and cash were given to all the awardees as the provincial government’s approach to persuade them to continue what they are doing and to encourage the younger generation to do the same.

Customary Law & Other Indigenous Lifeways

1)        Esteban Dumepnas, 79 years old

Elder; community and ritual leader

Patiacan, Quirino

 2)     Antonio Duligan, 60 years old

            Mannapit (discussant for dispute settlement); Uggayam chanter

            Sitio Bab-asig, Patiacan, Quirino

3)         Catalino Wandas, 94 years old

            Elder; Labba weaver

            Sitio Lugacan, Suagayan, Quirino

Traditional Farming and Related Crafts & Industries

4)      Catalino dela Cruz, 79 years old

     &  Emilio Birog, 76 years old

            Makers of wooden implements for the farm and the home

            Sitio Kainsikan, Barbar East, San Juan

5)      Florentino Lopez, 72 years old

            Basket weaver

            Dalawa, Alilem

6)      Ciriaco Tabutol, 78 years old

            Bamboo basket weaver

            Padu Chico, Sto. Domingo

7)      Severina “Sebing” Unida Valledor, 68 years old

            Buri Hat weaver

            Bannuar, San Juan

8)         Alberto Pel-ey, 45 years old

            Basket weaver

            Patiacan, Quirino

9)         Saturnino Manganip, 82 years old

            Labba and saguitaw weaver

            Alfonso, GDP

10)      Ernesto Liberato “Batong” Sapinoso, 55 years old

            Weaver of bamboo baskets; wood craftsman

            Catucdaan, Cabugao

11)      Rosita Orallo Dumot, 72 years old

      & Esther Orallo Dumot, 45 years old

            Mat weavers

            Suso, Sta. Maria

Fishing

12)   Juan Tomaneng, 82 years old

            Tabukol weaver

            Pagsanaan Sur, Magsingal

13)   Filomeno Palino

            Lasá fish trap weaver

            Apatot, San Esteban

14)   Antonio Catura, 74 years old

            River fisher, tirem farmer; farmer; fishing ritual practitioner

            Sitio Mangusbong, San Sebastian, San Vicente

15)      Reynaldo B. Cerna, 61 years old

            Fisher; Iket weaver

            Puro, Caoayan

            &

            Jeffrey S. Cerna, 44 years old

            Bilog carpenter

            Puro, Caoayan

16)      Jesus Cerna, 81 years old

            & Estefania Fernandez Cerna, 78 years old

            Fishers; Viray owners

            Puro, Caoayan

17)      Gabriel Dayap, Sr., 55 years old

Fisher

Nalvo, Sta. Maria

Abel-weaving

18)      Candida Gregorio Picog, 55 years old

            Inpaud [backstrap] weaver

            Masiosioay, San Emilio

19)      Luisa Ilo Galang, 73 years old

            Abel-weaver

            Sibsibbu, San Emilio

Salt-making

20)      GROUP:

         Jose Agdeppa, 63 years old

         Benita Agdeppa-Corpuz, 61 years old

            and the Salt Makers of Paratong

            Sinait

21)      Alejandro Ulibas, 77 years old

            Anacleto Tomaneng, 66 years old

            Agsan-sana (Salt makers)

            Pagsanaan Sur, Magsingal

22)      Felipa Canonizado Riconose, 73 years old

            Agat-ati (Salt Maker)

            Sitio Mangusbong, San Sebastian, San Vicente

Food

23)      Veronica Bangisan Sinduen, 75 years old

            Bubod-maker

            Sitio Lugacan, Suagayan, Quirino

24)      Nena Ilmeng Vicente, 54 years old

            Patupat Maker

            Paratong, Sinait

25)      GROUP

            Toribia Pacudan Bullang, 83 years old

            Suzima Telo Cadalig, 75 years old

            Rosalina Palangkis Gumangi, 74 years old

            Bubod and tapuey makers

            Daligan, Sta. Cruz

26)      GROUP

            Nelson Galolo, 42 years old

            Jonie Soliva, 45 years old

            Lilio Say-oet, 54 years old

            Virgilio Belen, 43 years old

            Eddie Dapig, 21 years old

            Honey-gatherers

            Lancuas, San Emilio

Damili pottery

27)      Anselmo “Abat” Aquino, 72 years old

            Maker of damili tiles, dalikán and lusob

            Bulala, Vigan

Oral Tradition

28)      Silvestre Camading, 57 years old

            Chanter

            Tiagan, San Emilio

29)      Salvador Lang-ayan, 83 years old

            Chanter; mannapit (discussant for dispute settlement)

            Masiosioay, San Emilio

30)      Jose Matias, around 80 years old

            Chanter

            Lancuas, San Emilio

Performing Arts & Visual Arts

31)      GROUP

            Hermenegildo “Wan-a” Severo, 80 years old

            Leoncio “Bungsoy” Badol, 72 years old

            Basilio “Pakay” Lawad, 68 years old

            Bernabe Gumabay, 68 years old

            Makers and players of traditional musical instruments

            Cabaroan, San Emilio

32)      Ireneo Maspil, 73 years old

            Kalaléng [noseflute] player; chanter

            Lancuas, San Emilio

The versatility of the Abel Iloco fabric was distinguished through the abel fashion show held in Plaza Salcedo. Ilocanos watch the models as they ramped through the run way showcasing the gowns and dresses designed by renowned fashion designers Dita Sandico-Ong and Junty Martinez and the members of the Ilocos Sur Designers Guild.

Another highlight of the Kannawidan Festival is the crowning of the Saniata ti Ylocos. Out of 30 lovely candidates, twenty three years old Hannah Ruth Sison of Carmen, Pangasinan was crowned Saniata ti Ylocos 2012 and goes home with a cash prize of 100,000. She was also selected as Best in Gown while his designer Raymund Arce was adjudged Best Designer.

Jannie Loudette Alipo-on of San Fernando City, La Union was chosen as Saniata ti Ylocos World and Star of the Night during the talent portion. Mary Candice Ramos of Sto. Domingo, Ilocos Sur was the Saniata ti Ylocos Environment, and Reina Mae Maerina of Villasis, Pangasinan as Saniata ti Ylocos Model of the World-Philippines.

Jennica Ollero of Tubao, La Union was the first runner-up and chosen as Miss Photogenic and Ilocano’s Choice. Kate Ann Goza of Bautista, Pangasinan was the second runner-up and Best in Swimsuit.

May Ann Naguit of Bugallon, Pangasinan was adjudged Best in Talent and Rochelle Cadiente of Magsingal, Ilocos Sur as Miss Congeniality.

Sports have also a big part during the festival as different sporting events were played everyday during the weeklong occasion. Billiards, chess, dama, football, 24 kilometer fun run, fun run for the senior citizens, horse race and different traditional games were done to add color to the Kannawidan. Old military jeeps and vintage cars were also paraded around to the delight of the crowd.

 

As Ilocano people love foods, eating and drinking contests was also staged to select the king and queen of the different categories.

Catalino Briones-Puro, Caoayan

kornik eating contest

Gerald Anicas-Nagsangalan, Vigan City

empanada eating contest

Marciano Laurente-San Julian Notre, Vigan City

Shellfish cracker eating contest

Carol Aspa-Brgy. III, Vigan City

Balikutsa eating contest

Danilo Gaoiran-Puro, Magsingal

Kalamay eating contest

Jovelyn Bocarile-Anonang Mayor, Caoayan

Opia eating contest

Gloria Mata-Brgy. IV, Vigan City

Bibingka eating contest

Constantino Riguera-San Julian Norte, Vigan City

Tinubong eating contest

Arthur Peralta-Brgy. IV, Vigan City

Longganisa eating contest

Jean Alones-San Julian Norte, Vigan City

Bagnet eating contest

Ernesto Riguera

Basi drinking contest

Another much awaited part of Kannawidan festival is the Zarzuela Ilocana were selected provincial officials and employees acted as theater artists as they revived the glory days of the dying Ilocano Performing Arts.

As the festivity culminates, the youth of Ilocos Sur did their share by staging the night of Little Miss Saniata. The Sangguniang Kabataan headed by its president Marie Gabrielle Kyla Mendoza   also introduced the 1st Gawad Titong Singson were SK members of San Ildefonso and Alilem were given recognition for their dedication in the service of Ilocano youth.

 

All of these are evidence that the Kannawidan Ylocos Festival is already becoming a fast rising festival in the country as shown by the number of participantsand tourists who flocked and become a part of the festival. Kannawidan indeed is an attraction because it showcases the culture of Ilocanos that made them distinct from other ethnic groups of the Philippines.

Kaay-ayammo dagiti Animales diay Baluarte

Posted in Features on November 15, 2011 by aichannel

ni Mancielito S. Tacadena

ladawan:Dante Tacata

            Nalpas manen ti tiempo ti tudtudo ket adtoy manen nga intayo pasangbayen ti paskua. Kadagiti pamilia, sigurado a pampanunotendan no sadino ti napintas a pagpallailanganda bayat ti medio atiddog a bakasion iti opisina. Adda dagiti mapan diay Boracay tapno mapanda kitaen ti napudaw a kadaratan ken sumirpat kadagiti dayag nga agbilbilag iti igid ti baybay. Dagiti met medyo agsalsalimetmet mapanda agdidigos ken agpipiknik iti igid ti baybay. Dagitay adda iti siudad, mapanda agpalamiis kadagiti mall idinto a ti dadduma mapanda mangan kadagiti napipintas a restauran. Ngem no maminsan, makauma met dagiti nadakamat a pagpalpalailangan. Isu nga adda dagiti mapan kadagiti lugar a dida pay nakapanan tapno padasenda met a palabsen ti bakasion iti sabali a wagas.

Ti buya ti Baluarte manipud iti ngato.

            Ditoy Ilocos Sur, maysa kadagiti lumatlatak a pagpasiaran ti Baluarte Zoo. Nagbalinen nga atraksion ditoy dagiti nasurok limapulo a klase ti animales a matartaraken. Manipud kadagiti agduduma ti klasena nga ugsa, billit, peacock, ostrich, dagiti bantam a kabalio buyawa, beklat ken uleg nga awan gitana, Palawan bear cat wenno binturong, adda pay dagiti animales a naggapu iti sabali a pagilian kas iti camel, alpaca ken pot belly pig, Adda pay dagiti maaw-awagan iti exotic animals kas iti Australian bearded dragon, iguana, African hedgehog ken siempre pagtaengan daytoy ti Vigan’s Big Cats wenno tigre a paborito ti makinkukua iti Baluarte. Iti sungadanna nakapatpatak a nakita dagiti letra a mangbukel iti BALUARTE kas iti HOLLYWOOD sadiay California. No addaka met iti kangatuan a pasetna, makitam ti pakabuklan ti siudad ti Vigan iti amianan ken daya ken ti nalawa a West Philippine Sea iti laud.

Nadumaduma a klase ti billit ti umuna a matuparmo iti iseserrekmo iti Baluarte.

            Ti zoo ket paset ti 80 ektaria a turturod a napasimpa tapno agbalin a pagtaengan ni Gov. Chavit Singson. Ngem gapu iti panagayatna kadagiti animales, napanunotna a pagbalinen ti maysa a pasetna a pakataraknan dagitoy  Paset metten daytoy ti adbokasiana iti panangsaluad kadagiti animales nangruna kadagiti threatened ken endangered species wenno dagiti dandanin maungaw nga animales. Inlukatna daytoy para kadagiti mayat a mangkita kadagiti tarakenna saan laeng a kadagiti taga Ilocos Sur no di pay ket kadagiti sabsabali a probinsia. Kinapudnona nagbalinen a paset ti lakbay aral dagiti pagadalan uray pay dagiti adda iti Kamanilaan ken Visayas ti panagpasiarda iti Baluarte.

Dagiti nadumaduma ti klasena nga ugsa a nawaya nga agdakdakiwas iti zoo.

Libre ti panaglugan kadagiti karitela a guyoden dagiti bantam a kabalio.

Naranaan dagitoy a turista manipud Manila ni Gov. Chavit ket nagpaalada iti ladawan iti ayan ni Tom, ti kadakkelan a tigre iti zoo.

puraw nga alpaca

Nagpaala iti ladawan ti autor bayat ti panagsakayna iti camel.

Animal Show

            Manimpat iti kada aldaw tunggal alas dies ti bigat, alas dose iti agmatuon, alas dos ken alas kuatro iti malem, maikkan iti gundaway dagiti sangaili a maiggaman ken maapprosan dagiti mapili nga animales a maipresentar iti animal show. Babaen kadagiti mangimaton itoy, maipalawag dagiti banag mainaig kadagiti animales ala Kuya Kim Atienza iti Matanglawin. Tunggal alas onse met iti bigat ken alas-tres iti malem, makitayo ni Stanley, ti baboy nga ammona ti agpinta ken agipakita iti agduduma a tricks. Kalpasan ti pabuya, mabalin met dagiti sangaili ti agpaala iti ladawan nga iggem wennjo kaabayda dagiti animales.

Madama ti panagpinta ni Stanley, maysa a pot belly pig nga addaan iti adu a tricks babaen ti panangigiya ni Mark Paa, ti host ti Baluarte Animal Show.

Inarak dagitoy a turista ni Bindie, ti Palawan bear cat a maipabpabuya iti Animal Show.

Natured dagitoy nga ubbing a nangiggem iti Indian Rock Python, ti kadakkelan a beklat a nasarakan iti zoo.

Ti Butterfly Garden

            Maysa pay a paset ti zoo ti butterfly garden a pakakitaan kadagiti nadumaduma ti klasena a kulibangbang nga agsisinnublat nga agdisso kadagiti agbukbukar a sabsabong. Iti tengnga, masarakan ti maysa grotto. Adda pay pasetna a pakakitaan iti life cycle wenno nadumaduma a paset iti biag dagiti kulibangbang manipud igges agingga iti agbalinda a naan-anay a kulibangbang. Bayat ti panagtakdermo dita, pasaray agdisso dagiti kulibangbang iti abagam a kas man la confetti dagitoy a nagtinnag manipud iti ngato.

. Impasiar ni Gov. Chavit dagiti sangailina a tsino iti pakabuklan ti butterfly garden.

Ti Burning Bush 

            Kabayatanna no iti sardam, nalawag a makita ti napnuan kaipapaanan a burning bush a naimuntar iti roof deck ti pagtaengan ni Gov. Singson. Babaen kadagiti namaris a silaw ken dadakkel nga speakers, kas man la addaka iti daydi panawen a panangiyawat ti Dios ken ni Moses kadagiti bato a nakaikitikitan dagiti sangapulo a bilin. Nalawag a mangngeg dagiti balikas bayat ti naigidgiddan a panagrimat dagiti silaw. Gapu ta naipuesto iti kangatuan a paset, makita ngarud daytoy dagiti adda iti aglawlaw ti Baluarte.

Ti burning bush.

Pakasaritaan

            Nangrugi kas rest house ti Baluarte idi 1991 ket ditoy ti pangpalpalabasan ni Gov. Singson iti weekendsna. No dadduma kaduana dagiti papagayamna, agay-ayamda iti clay shooting (naangay pay idi ditoy ti maysa a torneo iti clay shooting a nakipartisiparan dagiti asintado manipud iti Asia a pakairamanan pay ti Prinsepe ti Brunei a ni Bolkiah). Immuna idi a nataraken ditoy dagiti atap a manok, billit, banias ken sunggo. Gapu ta umadu met nga umadu dagiti sangailina, nagpanunotna ti mangipatakder iti sumagmamano a pasdek a mabalinna a pangsangailian kadagitoy agingga nga itay laeng nabiit, impatakderna ti kunana a retirement buildingna nga inawaganna iti Torre de Baluarte. Naala met ti naganna a Baluarte iti maysa a balikas iti Espaniol a kayatna a sawen teritorio, sakup wenno pagarian.

            Ala padasenyo man met ti umay pumasiar ditoy tapno mapadasanyo met a kitaen ti ngayed ti lugar a saan laeng  a gagangay a zoo no di ket pagtaengan payen ni Gov. Chavit Singson. Awan pagdanagam iti magastos ta awan ti entrance fee a masingir no sumrekka. Uray ti panangusar kadagiti pasilidad ken panaglugan iti karitela a guyoden dagiti babassit a kabalio ket libre. Ken siempre no mairana nga adda sadiay ti gobernador, mabalinyo met latta nga asitgan tapno agpaalakayo iti ladawan a kaabayyo isuna.  Di kadi libren ti pasiarmo, adda pay baro a padas a maipadamagmo dita lugaryo.

Maysa a gagangay a buya iti Baluarte.

(naipablaak iti Abril 2, 2012 nga isyu ti Bannawag Magasin)

Bring your Tomatoes to the Ilocos Sur Tomato Paste Plant

Posted in Features on September 2, 2011 by aichannel

By Mancielito S. Tacadena

Photos:Dante Tacata

            In Ilocos Sur, the average yield per hectare for tomatoes is forty tons. If you bring it to the Ilocos Sur Tomato Paste Plant in Mabilbila, Santa, they will buy it at P2.50 per kilo and you will have a gross of P100,000 per hectare. Good thing here, you can plant without thinking where to acquire the amount needed for your capital. Just give the assurance that you will sell them your harvest and you can avail their financial assistance with zero interest rate.

            Engr. Felipe Mateo, the general manager of ISTPP stressed out that they can lend up to P45,000 in every hectare planted with tomatoes. The process goes this way: First, a farmer should go to the plant and express his interest to avail the assistance. His name and the land area he intended to plant tomatoes will be included on the list after showing the land title and certification coming from their barangay captain to prove that he is a legitimate farmer and that he owns the property. In case he is just a tenant, he should secure an authorization letter from the land owner that he authorizes the farmer to enter into the agreement with the ISTPP.

            When the tomato season comes, the plant will provide them the tomato seeds that will be sowed, fertilizers and pesticides to be used. They will also grant the amount needed for irrigating the tomato plants, wages for the farm helpers and other budgetary requirements from sowing to harvesting.

            After collecting and weighing the entire harvest, they will calculate the sum you obtained from them to be deducted from the total payment of your crop. The difference will be your profit. Farmers should not worry about late payments as it only takes few days to process the disbursement for their harvest.

            Engr. Mateo also explained that a farmer is entitled to additional 20 centavos incentive per kilo if his yield per hectare is higher than the average of 40 tons making it P2.70/kilo. If the yield is 50 tons or higher, a farmer is again entitled to another 20 centavos in every kilo, ISTPP will pay you at P2.90/kilo. These incentives according to the general manager are their way to encourage farmers to give their best and to avoid them from selling it to middlemen who are usually offering higher price.

            Farm Managers/Technicians will be designated to every town. They will be the one responsible in field monitoring and make sure that the farmers are following the technologies they introduced. This way, the plant is assured that the tomatoes produced are of high quality.

 

The ISTPP

            The Ilocos Sur Tomato Paste Plant was established in 1998 by the provincial government of Ilocos Sur using funds coming from the Tobacco Excise Tax Law popularly known as Republic Act 7171. It aims to persuade farmers who are planting tobacco from identified salty areas to plant tomatoes instead to avoid producing low quality tobacco leaves. The plant will serve as ready market for their tomato harvest and there is no need for them to go to other provinces to sell their crop.

            After a year of operation, the NS International Inc. which supplied all the machineries and equipment of the plant turned-over the ISTPP to the provincial government and the latter operated the plant singularly. Then time came that the delicate parts were worn out due to poor supervision that resulted to the delay of its operations. The tomatoes delivered that time were not processed and the plant was not able to sell tomato paste to their clients. Because of that, the farmers never received the payments of their harvest and this discouraged them to plant tomatoes.

            But Gov. Luis “Chavit” Singson never lay down his arms on the project. He talked to the Italian supplier, Nuccio Saverio of the NS International Inc. and they agreed to re-open the ISTPP by way of joint venture. Gov. Singson allocated P55 million while Saverio gave out P45 million for the total of P100 million to rehabilitate the whole plant. Fifty five percent of the total profit will go to the provincial government while forty five percent will be the share of NS International Inc. They detached the defective parts and sailed it to Italy for repair. The broken parts were replaced with new ones. After several months of rehabilitation, the tomato paste plant opened its doors again to the Ilocano farmers on April 7, 2011.

            Before its formal re-opening, some 240 hectares of land was planted with tomatoes after providing capital to the farmers. The tomatoes harvested from it were processed during the testing phase. By doing this, they were able to detect the minor parts which are not running well and find solutions immediately. Now, the Ilocos Sur Tomato Paste Plant is very much ready for the next tomato season. Farmers from all over the province already committed 800 hectares to be planted with tomatoes after the rice season. A contract with CDO and Del Monte Philippines was already inked and the ISTPP will supply them tomato paste starting next year.

It’s Capacity

            The plant can process 18-20 tons of fresh tomatoes every hour or about 300-400 tons every day. First, the rotten and unripe tomatoes will be separated at the weighing bridge letting only the matured fruits to enter the dumping area. The tomatoes will be channelled to the sorting area where several workers are stationed to countercheck if there are still unripe or rotten tomatoes that were included. The fruits will be directed to the chopper to separate the essential part from its skin and seeds. The squeezed juice will then go to a tank to be cooked. Afterwards, it will be deposited in an evaporator before placing it to the bagging system and sealed into containers that can hold up to 220 kilos. Technicians are getting samples every 2 hours of production to check on the quality of the tomato paste produced. If they see that the final product is of low quality, they will put it back to the tank and will be cooked again. This way, delivery of low class tomato paste to clients is avoided but no product will be put into waste.

https://vimeo.com/35234171

Ni Labus, Ti Aso nga Awan Dutdotna

Posted in Features on August 8, 2011 by aichannel

ni Mancielito S. Tacadena

            No dika miraen a nasayaat, ipagarupmo a maysa laeng a gagangay nga aso. Ngem no mingmingam a nasayaat ayna! makigtotka la ketdi ta awan gayam ti dutdotna ken amangan no kunaem pay a sobsobra ti gudgud. Dayta ni Labus, ti lalaki nga aso a taraken ni Brgy. Kagawad Francisca Cabuan ti Bgry. Langaoan, Sta. Maria, Ilocos Sur. Nasileng a kasla kanayon a nalanaan, naimbag la ketdin ta ngumisit ti maris ti kudilna isu a saan unay a mapansin nga awan ti dutdotna. Namin-anon a linabasannak dayta nga aso bayat ti kaaddami iti barangay plasa ti Langaoan tapno agiwaras iti regalo kadagiti bumarangay kas paset ti Capitol Outreach Program ti gobierno probinsial a pagtrabtrabahuak. Diak koma pay napansin a naidumduma ni Labus kadagiti padana nga aso nga agtataray iti plasa no diak nangngeg ti angaw ti maysa a kaduami a nagkuna a no maparti koma saanen a kasapulan pay nga i-blue torch ta awan met ti puoran a dutdotna. Dinamagko a dagus no asino ti makintaraken ket naimbag la ketdin ta nairana nga adda a naitallaong ni Apo Francisca a dagus a napanko kinauman maipanggep iti naisangsangayan nga asona.

Ap-aprosan da Kgd. Francisca Cabuan ken ti apokona a ni Marjorie ti tarakenda a ni Labus. (Mancielito S. Tacadena)

            Kuna ni Kgd. Francisca, ni Labus ket anak ti aso dagiti abalayanna sadiay Burgos, Ilocos Sur. Naggapu kano iti Paris, France dagiti nagannak ni Labus a nayanak a talaga nga awan ti dutdotna. Ag-duan a tawen niLabus nga adda kadakuada ken kukua ti apona a ni Marjorie.

            No imported, di kadi dagitay agkakangina a dog food ti kankanenna Apo Kagawad indamagmi, ket kinuna met ni Apo Francisca a kas met laeng kadagiti askal a kanenna ti aniaman a maited kenkuana a taraon. Nupay kasta, nasimbirna a pagaayat ni Labus ti mangan iti innapuy a nasagpawan iti uray ania a nalanit wenno namantikaan a sidaen isu a saanda a pakadanagan ti kanenna.

            “Kas makitayo met saan a kas kadagiti adda breedna nga aso a nakakulong a kanayon iti narehasan a dog house. Kas kadagiti dadduma nga aso ditoy barangaymi ket nawaya latta nga agpaspasiar. Kinapudnona kanayon a kumuykuyog kadakami no kasdiay a mapankami iti talon” insalaysay ni Kgd. Francisca.

Ni Labus, ti aso nga awan dutdotna. (Mancielito S. Tacadena)

            Ammo kan pay ketdi metten ni Labus ti umarog kadagiti babbai nga aso dagiti kaarrubada.

            “Bareng no makaputotto iti kalanglangana tapno umadu ti kas kaniana ditoy lugarmi” innayon pay ti makintaraken.

            Idi damagenmi no apay a Labus ti naganna, ay ket gapu kano iti kaawan ti dutdotna isu a kasdiay iti nairuamen nga iyaw-awagda. No maminsan adda pay dagiti mangaw-awag ken ni Labus iti “Skinless”.

Kadagiti saan nga agsikog… Inkayo man Aprosan ti Boto ni Angalo diay Magsingal

Posted in Features on August 5, 2011 by aichannel

Ni Mancielito S. Tacadena

Maysa a bato iti Brgy. San Vicente, Magsingal, Ilocos Sur a kaarngi ti mabagbagi ti lalaki ti paspasiaren dagiti turista aglalo kadagiti makadamag nga agassawa a nabayagen nga agdendenna ngem di pay naparaburan iti anak. Aw-awaganda iti boto ni Angalo (Tay higante a lalaki iti maysa nga unwritten literature iti Kailukuan), agatiddog daytoy iti aguppat a kadapan manipud iti ungto ti ulona agingga iti ungto ti mismo a bagina, nakadispley daytoy iti likudan ti Parokia ni San Guillermo, Ermitanio iti Brgy. San Vicente, Magsingal.

            Segun iti mangay-aywan a ni Tata Cresencio “Ising” Oandasan, tartaraudi ti dekada 50 idi ibaga dagiti agindeg iti Bungro, Magsingal ken ni Mr. Angel Cortez, maysa a museum curator iti Magsingal National Museum ti kaadda ti bato nga agrungrungarong iti bakras ti bantay, 500 a metro ti kaadayona manipud iti sentro ti barangay. Agatiddog daytoy iti nasurok innem a kadapan ken kaarngi la unay ti mabagbagi ti lalaki. Amin kan nga umasideg iti nasao a bato ket agsakit iti di ammo a rason isu nga awan ti mayat a mapan iti lugar.

stone phallus iti Magsingal

            Nagkainteres iti daytoy ni Cortez ket napanna sinukimat ti nasao a bato agingga a nagdesisyon daytoy nga iyawidna ti bato nga inawaganna  kalpasanna iti boto ni Angalo. Inawaganda metten ti bantay a nakasarakanda iti Bantay Lusi. Kinalida ngarud nga inyaon daytoy ngem gapu iti dagsenna, kapilitan a pinutdanda ti kammaudina agingga a nagbalin laengen nga uppat a kadapan ti kaatiddogna. Binagkat daytoy ti walo a katao sada impan iti agdama nga ayanna. Ngem sakbay a ginarawda ti bato adda linualoda ken nagatangda pay nga immuna.

            Segun pay ken ni Tata Ising, iti laeng Magsingal ti pakasarakan iti stone phallus a maysa a simbolo ti God of Fertility. Daytoy ngarud ti gapuna nga adda dagiti di agsikog a mapmapan iti nasao a lugar iti pammatida nga agsikogda no sagidenda ti bato sada iyapros iti tianda ket adda met dagiti nagsubli  iti  lugar a nangibaga a nagsikogda kalpasan nga inaramidda ti ritual.

Madama a kaum-uman ti autor ni Cresencio "Ising" Oandasan maipanggep iti stone phallus iti Magsingal

            Manipud idi, saanda met a binaliwan ti langa ti bato. Kinapudnona, kaarngi ti nangigapuanda ti ayanna ita. Binay-anda a lumoten no matutudo ken mainitan no iti kalgaw ngem kaskasdi a nagtalinaed a natibker ken di nadadael ti bato. Kinapudnona, kayat nga alaen ti National Museum ngem saan nga ipalubos dagiti annak ken kabagian daydi Apo Cortez.

            Ala padasem man met kumadre a mapan aprosan ti Boto ni Angalo iti Magsingal ta awan met ti dakesna a padasentayo. Amangan laeng no babaen ti panangaprosyo iti daytoy a bato ket maited metten kadakayo ti kalkalikagumanyo a bunga ti ar-arasaasyo ken ni lakaymo.

Mulaan iti Tawwa-Tawwa dagiti di Maus-usar a Daga

Posted in Features on March 14, 2011 by aichannel

Ni Mancielito S. Tacadena

Adda kadi dagayo a di maus-usar ken nagkalaeganen kas koma kadagiti adda iti bakras ti bantay wenno nagkasamekanen a bangkag a saanen a mamulmulaan gapu ta nakutiil met dagiti maimula ditoy wenno adayo iti pasayak a pagalaan iti danum a pagsibog? Padasem man a mulaan laengen iti tawwa-tawwa wenno tuba-tuba iti Tagalog. (aw-awaganda iti Physic nut iti Ingles ken Jatropha curcas iti siensia). Maysa daytoy a klase ti mula a masansan nga agtubtubo laeng iti aglawlaw ken am-ammo a mausar ti tutot ti bulongna a pagagas iti singaw iti ngiwat idinto a nananam met a kas iti mani ti bukelna nupay makaulaw no mapalalluan ti mangan iti daytoy. Naduktalan metten a ti lana manipud iti bukelna ket epektibo a pagalaan iti bio diesel a mausar iti lugan ken makinaria. Kuna dagiti eksperto a no la koma adda umdas a mula a tawwa-tawwa, mabalin a bumassit ti panagdepende iti krudo manipud iti uneg ti daga a pakaigapuan iti nakaro a prolusion iti aglawlaw. Ngem agingga ita, bassit ti maguyugoy nga agmula iti daytoy (uray pay ditoy Kailokuan) isu nga awan met ti mayat ng agipuonan para iti pannakaipatakder ti planta a mangproseso iti bukel ti tawwa-tawwa tapno agbalin a lana. Gasut met ngamin a milyon ti kasapulan iti panagipasdek iti planta idinto nga awan met ti adu a bukel nga iprosesoda.

 

Jatropha plant

 

 

Idi 2005, maysa nga eksperimento ti insayangkat ni Dr. Alfredo R. Rabena, mangidaulo iti Research and DevelopmentOffice ti University of Northern Philippines iti siudad ti Vigan. Minulaanna iti tawwa-tawwa ti tambak dagiti talonna iti Rugsuanan, Vigan iti rugi ti panagtutudo iti dayta a tawen. Patubo a bukel ti immulana iti dadduma a paset idinto a sanga iti sabali pay a parte. Babaen itoy, napagdasigna no ania ti napimpintas nga usaren iti panagmula. Kuna ngamin ti dadduma a namaymayat ti agpatubo ngem ti agitugkel iti sanga. Kalpasan ti pito a bulan, nangrugin nga agbunga dagiti sanga idinto a nasurok a makatawen sakbay a nagbunga dagiti patubo. Ad-adu pay ti naibunga dagiti sanga no idilig kadagiti patubo nga immulana. Ngarud, napaneknekan iti eksperimentona a nadardaras ti agganansia no dagiti sanga ti tawwa-tawwa ti imula. Dagiti naapitna a bukel, isu met ti ar-aramatenna ititeksperimentona iti laboratorio ti UNP. Babaen ti extractor wenno distiller, inlasinna ti lana manipud ditoy tapno mapagbalin a methyl ester. Isu daytoy ti mabalin nga ilaok iti bio diesel. Naduktalan pay ni Dr. Rabena a nasamay a pagpurga ti nagango a bukel ti tawwa-tawwa. Kinunana nga umdasen nga ipakan ti maysa a bukel para iti ubing nga adda ariekna idinto a dua wenno tallo a bukel para iti nataengan.Idi dimmakkel dagiti mulana, nagbalin payen a napintas a pagiwaywayan ken pagilinongan kadagiti tarakenna a kalding ti sirok dagitoy kasta metten a saanen a direkta a mapudotan dagiti mulana a lasona ken spinach isu a kinunana a napintas met daytoy nga intercrop ti natnateng. Ngem nupay kunada a mula ti sadut ti tawwa-tawwa ta agbiag daytoy uray iti daga a nakurang ti sustansiana, masapul kan met a masibugan daytoy uray maminsan iti makalawas tapno ad-adu ken nasalsalun-at met laeng dagiti maibungana.

 

jatropha seeds

 

 

Ala ket imbes nga agkabakiran wenno agkalaegan dagiti dagayo a di met maus-usar, apay a diyo padasen a mulaan iti tawwa-tawwa. Maasikasoyo la ngaruden ti awan usarna a daga, maaddaanka pay iti kanayunan a pagganaran ken makatulongka pay iti pannakaibassit iti pagagusar iti fossil fuel a makaited iti prolusion. Agbalinka metten no kua a paset ti adbokasia kontra climate change a problema itan ti sangalubongan.

 



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