Archive for the Features Category

NAKADANONKAMI DIAY TINGLAYAN, KALINGA

Posted in Features on April 5, 2016 by aichannel

Ni Mancielito S. Tacadena

Maysaak met kadagiti agessem nga agkolekta iti batek (tattoo). Kinapudnona, addan bio-mechanical tattoo iti makinkanigid a takiagko nga impakargak tallon a tawen ti napalabas. Isu nga idi naibaga dagiti kaopisinaak a kayatda ti mapan iti Tinglayan, Kalinga, imboluntariok ti bagik a sumurot. Napagtutulaganmi ngarud nga iti parbangon ti Marso 13, 2016 ti ipapanmi iti Buscalan Village tapno padasenmi ti agpabatek iti agdindinamag a ni Apo Whang-od a maikonkonsidera a kaudian a “mambabatok” iti Kalinga.

Insaganak ngarud dagiti kasapulan iti iyuuli. Addan pamalpalatpatak no kasano ti dalananmi gapu ta mamin-anoakon a naisar-ong iti upland areas bayat ti kaaddak idi iti broadcast media. Imbes a kallugong, sniper’s veil ti intugotko tapno maabbongan ti sibubukel a rupa ngem napariir ta adu ti abotna a pagnaan ti angin.. Pinilik ti t-shirt a dri-fit tapno saan nga agtalinaed ti ling-et. Nangipanak met iti sumagmamano a t-shirt iti bassit a bag. Pagsukatakto ta ammok a mabasaak iti ling-et bayat ti trekking. Nangitugotak met iti bottled water nga inumen bayat ti isasang-at ken energy drink a pangikkatto iti bannog no makadanonkami iti lugar. Ken gapu ta rantak ti agpabatek, mangibulsaak iti sumagmamano a paracetamol ken ibuprofen.

Agalas-singkon iti agsapa idi makadanonkami iti Bitalag, Tagudin a pangur-urayan ti inarkilami a van a mangitunda kadakami iti lugar da Apo Whang-od. Inarkilami daytoy iti innem a ribu a pisos. Dumalankami ngamin iti ili a Cervantes a sumalpot iti Tadian, Mountain Province a pangdagasanmi iti tourist guide a kaarruba ti baket. Siamkami maibilang ti driver. Bayat ti iyuulimi nagpapas a nagbuya iti aglawlaw dagiti kakaduami aglalo kadagiti dua nga On the Job Trainees iti opisinami a taga Ilocos Norte. Nalawagen idi dumtengkami iti Bessang Pass, ti lugar a nakapasamakan ti rinnupak iti nagbaetan dagiti soldado a Filipino ken Amerikano kontra iti umat-atras idin a grupo dagiti Hapon nga idauluan ni Hen. Tomoyuki Yamashita idi WWII. Napasamak pay ditoy ti pannakatambang dagiti NPA kadagiti agdaldaliasat a kameng ti 50th IB a nakapasagan ti sumagmamano a soldado a pakairamanan pay ti maysa nga opisialda idi rugi ti nasuroken a maysa a dekada ti napalabas. Nagalakami kadagiti pakalaglagipan a ladawan ditoy.

1Dinalananmi ti Aluling Bridge a mamagsilpo iti Ilocos Sur ken iti Mountain Province. Addaan met iti naidumduma a pakasaritaan ti nadakamat a rangtay ta nupay apagsurok la a gudua kilometro ti kaatiddog daytoy, immabot iti tallo  a dekada ken lima a presidente sakbay a nalpas. Wen nairugi daytoy idi 1978 a panawen ni Presidente Marcos ngem sa la naileppas idi 2013 a katengngaan ti panagtakem ni Presidente Noynoy Aquino.

Agalas-otson ti agsapa idi dumanonkami iti Tadian, Mountain Province. Dinagasmi ditoy ni Jonathan Baydon a mangiturong kadakami iti mismo nga ayan ni Apo Whang-od. Kinunana nga agtengnganto ti aldawen no dumanonkami iti sungadan ti Buscalan Village. Manipud sadiay magmagnakami iti akikid a trail a sumang-at iti uneg ti nakurang maysa nga oras. Binalakadannakami a manganen iti nasapa a pangngaldaw idi dumanonkami iti Bontok tapno addanto pamigsami a sumang-at.

Alas onse y median idi dumanonkami iti lugar a pakaibatian ti luganmi. Kinunana a saanmin a mabalin nga isang-at ti lugan gapu ta madama a masesemsemento ti dalan nga agpangato. Inlawlawagna a kasapulan nga aglugankami kadagiti agpaspasada a motorsiklo nga umuli agingga iti ayan ti maar-aramid a rangtay. Singkuenta pesos ti bayad ti tunggal tao. Dua ti kabaelan nga ilugan ti maysa a motorsiklo. No ti amak dagiti babbai a kakaduami gapu iti ilet ti dalan ken ti kauneg ti rangkis iti makanawan. Inagawaak met ti kimpet ta napalalo ti panaglag-oy ti shocks ti motorsiklo. Ngem natanang ketdi dagiti driver. Naruamdan ket kasla awan aniamanna ti panangidalanda iti luganda iti igid ti madama a masemsemento a dalan nupay bassit la panagriro mabalin nga agtarus iti derraas daytoy. Apaman a dimmanonkami iti ayan ti rangtay, bimmalasiw kami iti naabbatan a waig ket iti ballasiw, agpadpadaanen dagiti sabali pay a grupo dagiti motorsiklo. Singkuenta manen ti bayad ti tunggal pasahero. Kas iti imuna a dinalananmi, makapaalliaw ti nauneg a rangkis iti sikigan ti dalan agingga iti sungadan ti Village. Naginanakami iti maysa a kantina nga addaan iti bassit a kubo.  Adda nakitak a napuskol a kable a dumanon iti village. Dinamagko no mabalin ti sumakay laengen dita imbes nga agtrekkingkami ngem kinuna ti tour guide a maus-usar laeng daydiay para iti pannakaingato dagiti kangrunaan a kasapulan dagiti agindeg iti village. Pasaray pay ma-stock daytoy iti tengnga isu a saan a mausar daytoy a pagluganan ti tao.

11Impakaammo ni Jonathan kadakami a mangrugin ti trekking. Inlawlawagna nga akikid ti trail a dalananmi isu a masapul ti panagannad aglalo inton mangrugin ti sinnang-atan. Awan ti paglinongan isu a no kayatmi agyankaminto pay la iti ayan ti waterfalls a malabsan ket ituloyminto laengen ti sumang-at inton bumaba bassit ti init. Ngem nagdesision ti grupo a sumang-atkamin. Naannayas pay laeng ti pannagnami iti umuna a kinse minutos. Kasla normal la a pannagna agingga a nakadanonkami iti waterfalls. Dinamag manen kadakami ti tour guide no kayatmi ti agyan pay laeng ditoy ngem kas iti imuna a sungbatmi, kinunami nga aglayonkamin iti ayan ni Apo Whang-od ta planomi ti umulog met laeng iti malem no malpaskami a mabatekan. Nangrugi ti sinnang-atan. Kuminnit metten ti darang ti init. Ket gapu ta agpapadakami nga iti la uneg ti opisina ti ayanna iti inaldaw, mangrugin a mariknami ti panagirut dagiti saka ken panagsakit digiti luppomi. Ti maysa a kaduami intugawna lattan iti maysa nga agpang ti agdan nupay napalalo ti pudotna. Damag a damag ti sabali pay no adayo pay idinto nga umis-isem ti tour guide a kasla awan aniamanna kaniana ti pannagnami. Malasin ti naruam. Pasaray adda dagiti masabatmi ket agkikinnablaawkami. Naggapu gayam dagitoy iti ayan ni Apo Whang-od. Idi dandanikamin (segun iti tour guide) adda grupo dagiti ubbing a nasabatmi. Mabalin nga mapanda koma ngata iti ayan ti waterfalls. Ngem idi makitada ni Jane Palas a maysa kadagiti kaduami a marigatanen nga umuli, inalalayandan isuna. Adda dagiti nangkibin kaniana idinto a nagyan iti likudanna ti dadduma. Saanndan a simmina agingga a nakadanonkami iti umuna a kubo iti Buscalan Village. Kas pagyamanna inikkan ni Jane iti tsokolate dagiti ubbing. Kinuna ti tour guide nga iti laengen likudan ti ayan ti kalapaw a pangisaysayangkatan ni Apo Whang-od iti panagbatekna. Kasla ngarud naawan ti bannogmi ket kalpasan ti sumagmamano a lidok ti danum ken panangpunas iti ling-et dagusen a tinurongmi ti ayan ti baket a madama idi a mangbatbatek kadagiti nakapila a klientena. Maysa a bassit a baket a napno iti batek ti bagina ni Whang-od. Ad-adun ti puraw a buokna ngem iti nangisit a saan a nakaskasdaaw ta nasuroken a siam a pulo ti tawenna. Iggem ti maysa nga imana ti kayo a pagpatitna idinto nga iti bangir nga imama ti bassit a sangadangan a kawayan nga addaan iti siit ti sua iti murdongna nga agserbi kas dagumna a mangiserrek iti tinta iti kudil. Adda met iti sikiganna ti sabsabot a nagyanan ti nababasa nga uging nga agserbi a tinta.  Naggapu dagiti klientena iti nadumaduma a lugar iti pagilian. Kaaduanna ti pada a tattoo collector. Adda pay dagiti tattoo artists, wen nalalaing a tattoo artists nga agus-usar iti kabaruanan a tattoo machines ngem kayatda met a padasen ti mano-mano a wagas ti kabaketan a tattoo artist iti pagilian. Adda pay nadanonmi a sumagmamano a Pranses.

Nagdesision ti grupo nga umiankami laengen gapu iti kaadu ti pila ken tapno makainanakami metten. Iti balay ti kaanakan ti baket ti nangipananda kadakami. Agbayad ti tunggal maysa iti dua gasut ket limapulo a pisos kas bayad ti panagyan. Libre ti innapoy. Nagpagatangkami iti dua a manok a sidaen. Gapu ta kayatmi a ramanan ti putaheda a pinikpikan isu ngarud ti imbagami a maluto. Dagiti metten lallaki iti village ti nagboluntario a mangluto iti daytoy.

Dandanin alas kuartro ti malem idi ayabandakami nga umulog manipud iti kuartomi. Ti grupomin ti mabatekan. Gapu ta adda intugotko a bukodko a design nagpaudiak ta impasketch-ko pay daytoy ken Aaron Labrador, ti OJT mi a nalaing nga agdrawing idinto nga immunan dagiti kakaduak a nakapilin iti disenio manipud kadagiti sample ti baket. Ni Kenneth Pajo ti insalang ni Apo Whang-od idinto a pinili ni Architech Estrelita Rugnao a pagpabatekan ni Grace Palicas nga apo ni Whang-od gapu ta nalaglag-an kan ti panagpatitna segun kadagiti nakapatangmi a nagpabatek. Madama met idi a karkargaan ni Elyang Wigan, ti highshool student nga apo met laeng ni Whang-od ti maysa a turista manipud Manila.

13Apaman a nalpas ni Kenneth timmakderen ti baket ket kinunana nga inton bigatkamin a dadduma. Mabalin a nabannogen daytoy iti nagmalem a panagubrana. Innayonna a masapul a nakadigos ken nakasaganakaminton iti alas siete y media ta dakaminto ti iyunana.

Inyawis met ti tour guide ti panangipasiarna kadakami iti natukad-tukad a taltalonda iti likudan ti village. Tapno makadanonkami ditoy, limmabaskami iti kabalbalayan. Naisem dagiti tattao a kaaduanna ti babbai a madama nga agin-innaw, aglablaba wenno aglutluto. Adda grupo dagiti ubbing a simmurot iti likudanmi. Dumawdawatda iti candy. Inyawatko ti sumagmamano a piraso ti chewing gum kadakuada ket nasam-it nga isem ti insubadda. Napansinmi met ti dagiti tarakenda nga an-anakan a baboy nga agpagna pagna lattan kadagiti sirok ti balbalayda. Saanda a nakakulong. Kasla aso dagitoy a palagudlagod.

Idi addakamin iti taltalon, saan a naaluadan ti kaduami ti nagpukkaw gapu iti kinapintas ti aglawlaw. Nakaberberde ti talon gapu ta kararaep dagitoy. Nalit-aw ti danum a nanglapunos iti talon. Ngem dagus a pinasardeng isuna ti tour guide. Saankan a mabalin ti agpukapukkaw ditoy. Ngem saanna nga imbaga ti makaigapu. Rinugianmi ti nagala iti ladawan. Nadumaduma a posision. Nadumaduma a camera. Idi agsubsublikamin iti balay a pagyananmi, pinadasmi a binuya dagiti alami a ladawan. Dimi ammo no nairana laeng, ngem awan uray maysa a nagbalin a ladawan nga ala ti camera tay kaduami a nagpukkaw.

Kalpasan ti panangrabiimi, sinangomi ti kape a barako bayat ti panagpapatangmi. Kayatmi koma ti uminum iti serbesa wenno gin ngem saan a mabalin ta dikami pay nalpas a nagpabatek. Gapu iti bannogmi a simmang-at, nasapakami a nagidda. Nalamiis ti aglawlaw ngem mayat ti imeng ti kuartomi aglalo ket sasaggaysa kami iti pranela nga ules.

20160314_081558.jpgKabigatanna, siak ti immuna a bimmangon. Alas siete pay laeng agur-urayakon iti kalapaw. Bayat ti panangurayko iti baket, namrayak ti nagbasabasa kadagiti naisurat a nagnagan dagiti naisar-ongen iti lugar. Adda pay dagiti nangibati iti calling card da ditoy a tattoo artists. Maysa ditoy ket naggapu pay sadiay Espania. Saan a nagbayag simmungaden ni Apo Whang-od. Immuna nga insaganana dagiti kasapulanna. Tinemplana ti tinta nga usarenna. Inruarna ti kayo a pagpatitna ken insimpana ti siit ti sua nga inyusokna iti murdong ti sangadangan a kawayan. Sakbay a sinangonak. Timmangad ti baket. Maysa gayam daytoy a ritualna tunggal agsapa sakbay a rugianna ti panagtattoo-na. Inulitna nga in-sketch ti disenio a napilik. Eksakto met idin nga immulog dagiti kakaduak. Eksakto addan mangpicture ken mangvideo iti pannakabatekko.

20160314_084147.jpgUmuna a pak-ol pay laeng nariknakon ti saem ti siit a naitudok iti kudilko. Ditoyko a nakuna a maminlima siguro a nasaksakit daytoy no ikumpara iti pannakaikarga ti tinta usar ti moderno a tattoo machine. Mariknam ti iyuuneg ti siit iti kudilmo. Mangrugin nga agbibineg ti likudak a karkargaanna. Dinamag kaniak ni Jane no nasakit. Insungbatko met a nasaksakit toy luppo ken saksakak nga immuli. Nagkatawa. Siguradoka kinunana. Agsaysayasayen ti dara iti likudak ket impakitana ti video. Agpayso nadara. Nauneg ngata ti pannanakaitudok ti siit. Ngem nangato siguro ti pain tolerance-ko ta diak pay la maala ti agrupanget ken agriaw. Ad-adda nga riniknak ti kettangko a nakatugaw iti nababa a bangkito. Mapan ngatan a kuarenta y singko a minutos ti proseso. No mamin-ano a naulit-ulit a nagpauneg ti siit iti isu nga isu a paset. Nagtultuloy ti panagdarana. Idi kuan pinunasanna daytoy iti wet wipes. Sinirigna ti disenio. Napnek ngatan ket imbagana a nalpasen. Ti bayadna, sangaribu. Ginundawayak metten ti naki photo ops ken ni Whang-od sakbay a timmakderak.

Agalas dies ngatan idi malpas amin a kaduami a mabatekan. Ket sakbay ti iyuulogmi, inyawatmi metten ti bayad ti tour guide a dua a ribu. Ket maminsan pay nakigrupokami manen ken ni Apo Whang-od para iti photo ops.

IMG_4121.JPGPudno a nasaem ti tunggal iseserrek ti murdong ti siit ti sua iti kudil. Nairteng ti tunggal pak-ol ti kayo ni Apo Whang-od ngem amang a narigrigat ti idadanon iti Buscalan Village a pakasarakan kenkuana. Adu a ling-et ken bannog ti mapasaram sakbay a makasangom ti maysa kadagiti maipagpanpannakkel nga artist ti pagilian. Naidumduma nga arte a mabalin a mangkompleto iti koleksionmo a tattoo. Ta uray pay agkakapintas dagiti naimarkan a tattoo iti bagim kasla mas kompleto ti koleksionmo no nakargaannaka ni Apo Whang-od. Maysa a dayaw a mapadasan ti maysa a kadaanan a wagas ti panagbatek nga iti laeng kabambantayan a paset ti Kalinga a maar-aramid.

20160314_110039.JPGIsu a no kayatyo ti naidumduma a klase ti adventure ita a kalgaw, imbes nga inka manen aguper iti baybay, padasem man met ti maikamang met maminsan iti nature a kunada. Laglagipem laeng kaka, manipud iti iyuulim agingga iti panagawidmo, awan ti telebision ken awan signal ti selpon. Isu a mananammo a nasayaat ti ti agbakasion.@

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF BANAYOYO

Posted in Features on December 3, 2014 by aichannel

banayoyo

ETYMOLOGY:

          The Municipality of Banayoyo was originally called the “Bacsayan”.  How it got the present name “Banayoyo” could be recounted from this story:

           Long time ago, indigenous people of Abra and Mountain Province were looking for a place to settle.  They found the place located at the western part or tail of the Cordillera Mountain.  Lately, they called this place “Bacsayan” which means a settlement area.

          As time passed, these people (Tinguian and Igorot Tribes) intermarried.  It did not take long; they formed another tribe called Itneg (not registered as of this date).  However, both tribes have different dialects.  Thus, the result of intermarriage resulted to one dialect derived from Tinguian of Abra and Igorot of Mountain Province (present dialect of the indigenous people of Banayoyo is similar to Abra and the Cordilleras) both from the “Itneg” of the newly formed tribe.  The Datu and the Panglakayen (council of elders) then made their own rules based primarily on the cultures of Abra and Cordilleras.

            In the South-eastern part of the place, there was a sturdy tree, which the town folks called “Bayoyo”.  The Datu and the Panglakayen agreed to build a “Dap-ay” (a structure where the leaders meet or gather for the settlement of problems and disputes among the members of the tribe) and “Pandek” (astore rooms for arms like Pika (Spear), Aliwa (Axe) Pana (Bow and Arrow), Kalasag (Armour) and communal kitchen wares by the tribe like Dongdong (Wok), Duyog (soup bowl made of coconut shell) and others owned by the tribe.  In this place, they also practiced the ritual called the “Begnas” a ritual of three (3) days festivity and thanksgiving to “Kabunian” (believed to be the God, Creator of Heaven and Earth), after every productive and fruitful harvest season.  The tree called “Bayoyo” is always strong and sturdy, following their belief that the tree brought luck to the whole populace.

            Due to old age, the tree died and at that time drought struck the place.  Their harvest decreased, famine and hunger were experienced by the people.  With their belief that the calamity was caused by the death of the tree, the leaders held a meeting and come up with an agreement to hold another ritual called “Sapu” (Prayer) to find out the cause of their painful and tragic experience.  However, they have discovered that their entire ordeal was due to the negligence of some tribal members in giving thanks to “Kabunian”.  In a long series of exchange of ideas to amend the sad events that they have undergone, the Datus and Council of Elders decided to change the name of the place “Bacsayan” to “Bayoyo”.  The tree somehow is a symbol of unity among all the tribal members under its wide shady branches.  It was only during the Spanish Regime that the name “Bayoyo” was changed to BANAYOYO.

 

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF TAGUDIN

Posted in Features on December 3, 2014 by aichannel

09. tagudin

Tagudin used to be the capital of Amburayan, a sub-province of the original Mountain Province.  The sub-province was composed of Lepanto, Angaki (Quirino), Suyo, Alilem, Sugpon, Santol, Sudipen, San Gabriel and Tagudin.  The government hill which is the present site of the reservoir of the Tagudin Water District was then planned to be the site of the capitol of this sub-province.  In 1818, Tagudin became a part of Ilocos Sur and thus became the threshold of Ilocos Sur in the south.

The first sundial put up by the Spaniards in the Philippines were constructed in Tagudin by Father Juan Sorolla.  Tagudin was also the landing sites of Sister Louise de Meester, foundress of the ICM congregation who gave birth to prestigious learning institutions which includes St. Therese College, Christ the King College, and Saint Louis University among others.  It was also in Tagudin where Filipino soldiers under Gen. William Brougher staged the first resistance against the south bound Japanese forces who landed in Vigan, Ilocos Sur on December 18, 1941.  The decisive Battle of Bessang Pass started in this town of Bitalag.  During the liberation in 1945, Tagudin was the site of the base hospital of the USAFIP NL that fought in Bessang Pass.

Tagudin at present has emerged as both commercial and educational center serving the upland towns of Suyo, Sugpon, Alilem and Cervantes and also the nearby towns of Sta. Cruz, Bangar and Sudipen.

 

 

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF SUYO

Posted in Features on December 3, 2014 by aichannel

suyo

The municipality of Suyo is one of the fourteen (14) interior towns of the Province of Ilocos Sur where most of the inhabitants belong to the cultural minority groups.  It has a total land area of 124 square kilometers and is bounded on the north by Municipality of Sta. Cruz and the Municipality of Salcedo, on the east by the Municipality of Sigay and Cervantes, on the south by Alilem and on the west by the Municipality of Tagudin.  It has eight (8) barangays which were further subdivided into forty-five (45) sitios.

Crop production in the locality is estimated at 2.518 metric tons in 1995.  The leading crop is rice with Barangay Baringcucurong as the top producer.  The vase mountainous areas are planted with bananas, camote, bamboo and bolo, mango, ipil-ipil, ginger, rambutan, coffee, pineapple, cacao and tiger grass which is the material used for broom making.  Other crops produced are Virginia Tobacco, corn and vegetables.  These products are being produced in commercial scale.  The industry that is prevailing in the province is “basi making”.  Other small scale industries include vinegar making and broom making.  Commercial establishments such as sari-sari stores abound at most of the barangays in the locality.  The public market at SitioButac, Barangay Manatong which was constructed in 1989 has turned the place into a trade and commerce center where lowland traders sell their wares and buy products of the highlanders as they go back in the lowland.

As to the peace and order situation, the municipality is generally peaceful and orderly for the past period.  The presence of an effective operation of the PNP personnel and participation of the barangay leaders and tanods contributes to the prevalent peaceful situation in the area.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF SUGPON

Posted in Features on December 3, 2014 by aichannel

sugpon

During the later part of the Spanish Regime, Sugpon was a vast tract of forest land with hilly and mountainous terrain.  It was during that time that groups of people came to settle in the place.  Famous among the settlers were the Kankanaey headed by DatuLiccud and the Itneg headed by DatuGutob.

The name of the municipality was derived from the Kankanaey word MANSUGPONTAKO which pronounced by two leaders when their men had a misunderstanding as to who was the rightful owner of the wild animals killed by their dogs while hunting.  Later on based from the incident, the place was called SUGPON for easier pronunciation.

The municipality was then a part of the old Mountain Province, and among the municipalities and municipal district composing the Amburayan Congressional District.  It became a part of Ilocos Sur sometime in 1920 when the provinces in the north were reorganized.  It was a municipal district of the town of Alilem until it was re-classified as 6th class municipality in 1978.

At present the municipality has an estimated total population of 3,936 majorities of whom were the original settlers in the place while others came from nearby places due to affinity and employment.  Sugpon has a land area of 182.20 sq. kms.  It is composed of (9) barangays, three of whom are under boundary dispute with the municipalities of Bakun and Kibungan in the province of Benguet.

The dominant religions are the Roman Catholic, the United Church of Christ in the Philippines, the Wesleyan Church, the Iglesia ni Cristo and a few Pentecost.  The native dance is the SAYAW and SADONG.  The festivities are the CANAW, BAGAT and the town fiesta celebration.  Some artifacts are old jars of Chinese Arts which were used by the native for making rice wine and GONGS and GANZA.

Sugpon is an agricultural community and the people are small farm-owner-cultivators whose crops are rice, corn, camote (sweet potato), gabi, legumes, coffee and both the native and Virginia varieties.

Sugpon, Ilocos Sur is located 18 kilometers east of the Manila North Road bounded in the west by Sudipen, La Union, in the east by Kibungan and Bakun, Benguet, in the south by Santol and San Gabriel, La Union and in the north by Alilem, Ilocos Sur.

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF STA. MARIA

Posted in Features on December 3, 2014 by aichannel

03. sta. maria

The municipality of Sta. Maria was called “Purok” in early history.  Others called it “Bukang” although “Purok” could be more likely the name given to the place since this means village in iluko while “Bukang” does not refer anything in the dialect.

There are conflicting dates regarding the establishment of this town as an independent parish.  Sources available at the Rare Books and Manuscript section, Filipiniana Division of the National Archives shows that the first Augustinian mission was established in Sta. Maria in 1760 which was at that time a “Vista” of parish since 1587.  Others reveal 1765 and 1769 as the town’s foundation dates although it celebrated the 100th year of its Christianization in 1967 on the strength of a Libro de Bautimos for 1766 still preserved in the parish archives.  Sta. Maria however, was officially recognized as a ministry in 1765, but later it became once more a visita of Narvacan for lack of priest.  It finally became an independent parish in 1769 under the patronage of the Blessed Virgin Mary of the Asuncion in whose honor the name of the town was changed from Purok to Sta. Maria.

 The Municipality of Sta. Maria lies in the central part of the province of Ilocos Sur.  It is bounded on the north by the Municipality of Narvacan, on the east by Municipality of Pilar, Abra and Cordillera ranges, on the south by the Municipality of San Esteban, on the southeast by the Municipality of Burgos and on the west by the China Sea.


BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MUNICIPALITY OF STA. LUCIA

Posted in Features on December 3, 2014 by aichannel

07. sta. lucia

            The first Augustinian mission was established in the municipality in 1586, called “Ministerio de Kaog” formerly annexed to the “Ministerio de Candon”.  The first “Visita” must have been built also in that year.

            At one time, the church reconstructed by Father Pascual Barredo and Father Miguel Argulles, was the tallest in Ilocos Sur, Single Nave with a transept, a magnificent cupola and an impressive four storey bell tower.  The present church was reconstructed in 1808 and renovated in 1936.  Later in 1671, it became a regular parish under the patronage of Sta. Lucia whose feast day is celebrated on the 13th of December every year. The parish was composed of the following missions: Nagtablaan, Pias, San Tiburcio, Atabay, Caliwaquiw, Balidbid, Sorioan, Napaltat, Arangin and Corroy, all with a distance of more than half hour from the church.  It had a sitio of Catechunaras called Cubcubuot and a barrio called Ronda with more than 6,286 inhabitants.

            Its Christian inhabitants in the lowlands and various tribes of non-Christian Igorots in the mountains were farmers who planted rice, sugar cane, cotton, vegetables and fruits.  Due to irrigation coupled with persistent work under the direction of Fr. Exequiel Lanza Forta, they enjoyed two harvests of rice every year, other industries were established like weaving of cotton, salt, manufacturing, cattle raising and poultry raising. Shaped by physical limitations of their environment the inhabitants were industrious, thrifty and migratory.

            Under the Spanish Colonial Policy, the Ilocanos were ordered to cultivate tobacco, Indigo, Coffee, and Sugar.  Due to the enforcement of unjust taxation and forced labor, the Ilocanos fought the Spaniards during the Philippine Revolution.

            In 1941, thousands of Ilocanos were executed by the Japanese Army.  They experienced hunger and poverty.  The people of Sta. Lucia fled to the interior parts of the town to escape execution.  A part of the Poblacion was burned by the Japanese Army.

            After the war, the Filipino started to build the foundation of the New Republic.  The Sta. Lucians pre-occupied themselves in the New Republic opportunities for development.  They planted sugar cane, native tobacco and rice.  Other infrastructure and public facilities were put up purposely to build and develop the town.  Slowly, but steadily, the municipality and its very limited resources has been progressing quite well.  Before her is future that is both a promise and a challenge to her leaders and inhabitants.